What have you known about Indonesia?
Indonesia - the “Land of thousand islands” - is one of the famous tourist destinations in the South East Asia. But the things that most people know about Indonesia are just the luxury capital Jakarta or Bali, the paradise of the honeymoon. If you are curious about this country, follow these things below to have an overview of Indonesia.
Basic information about Indonesia
- Official name: Republic of Indonesia
- Capital: Jakarta
- Other main cities: Surabaya (East Java), Medan, (Sumatra), Bandung (West Java), Makassar (South Sulawesi), Semarang (Central Java), and Palembang (South Sumatra)
- Population: 260,000,000 people with 100 distinct ethnic groups (according to the statistic of 2016)
- National language: Indonesian
- Currency: Indonesian rupiah (Rp)
- Major religion: Islam
- Major economy: Agriculture
Jakarta - the capital city
- Location: South East Asia, between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
- Geographic coordinates: 6°10.5′S 106°49.7′E
- Area: 1,904,569 square kilometres
- Coastline: Over 80,000 kilometers
- Neighboring countries: Singapore, Vietnam, Philippines, Australia, Palau, and some parts of Indian
- Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, tin, copper, and gold
- Climate: Tropical, hot and humid throughout the year
“Land of thousand islands”
There are more than 17,000 islands and 400 volcanic mountains comprising Indonesia, the outstanding ones are:
- Borneo is the world’s third largest island, which has the whole area in Indonesia.
- Java is a home of Jakarta – a gorgeous capital city.
- Sumatra was considered as “Land of Gold” in the ancient time thanks to the gold mines of the island’s highlands.
- Maluku is the most geological island, nature here has fascinated naturalists for centuries.
- Papua, which is a part of New Guinea country, now plays an important role in Indonesia’s economic and political life.
“Land of thousand islands”
The long-term culture of Indonesia has been formed by the interaction between the original native customs and other foreign influences. Because of the special location, along the ancient trading routes of the Middle East and the Far East, South Asia, Indonesia’s culture is strongly influenced by multiple religions, including Islam (the major religion), Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, and Christianity. This complex cultural mixture is clearly expressed through these traditional arts:
- Music: Gamelan (traditional music), Kroncong ( a musical genre with guitars and ukulele), Angklung (musical orchestra), and Sasando (soft music with an instrument made from leaf).
- Dance: Saman (displays in important events), Jaipongan (West Java), Pendet (Bali), Tari Piring (West Sumatra), Sajojo (Papua).
- Drama: Wayang (displays puppet theater shows), Wayang Orang (traditional dance drama), Javanese Ludruk, Ketoprak, Sundanese Sandiwara, Betawi Lenong (humor dramas).
- Theater: Randai (traditional folk theater), Bangsawan (Malay folk theater), Teater Koma (modern performing art theater).
- Martial art: Indonesian martial art and Pencak Silat
- Painting: Kenyah decorative art, Toraja wood carving, Balinese painting
- Sculpture: stone, bronze, and Iron Ages arts
- Architecture: Stilt houses, Rumah Gadang, Borobudur temple, Prambanan temple
- Craft: Batik, Ikat and Songket cloth, wood carving and Kris
- Cuisine: Satay, Halal, Haraam, Nasi Padang, Dim Sum, Tofu
- Jakarta: The capital city of Indonesia, also being the very important international airport hub of the country. The city famous for the bustling nightlife and shopping malls.
- Yogyakarta: A heart of Java’s history and culture, having anything from ancient attractions to cuisine.
- Mount Bromo: With 2,329 meters in height, this is one of the iconic volcanic mountains of Indonesia.
- Lake Toba: The largest volcanic lake in the world, having a quite and serene beauty.
- Bali: A must-visit destination and a paradise of the honeymoon, bearing the stunning landscapes.
- Lombok: A perfect place to hide the crowds with blue water and green mountains. It is an ideal spot of hiking mountain and wave surfing enthusiasts.
- Tana Toraja: A cultural, simple, but unique highland with its fascinating customs, ceremonies, and traditional villages.
- Baliem Valley: Best place to explore the Indonesia’s tribes.
- Raja Ampat: Consider as one of the best diving spots in the world with more than a thousand types of tropical fish and marine species.
- Komodo National Park: a UNESCO heritage site, being a home of the largest living lizard – Komodo Dragon.
Tourism plays a dominant role in Indonesian economy and the notable source of-of foreign currency. This immense country of the archipelago has many things for the tourist development, from the historical heritage, cultural diversity to the stunning natural beauty. According to statistics from the World Travel and Tourism Council, the direct contribution of tourism constituted 3.4% of the Indonesia’s total GDP in 2014.
The stunning natural beauty
If you are going to have a trip to explore Asian countries, don’t forget to drop in Indonesia, surely that the culture, attractions, as well as the region’s characteristics, will make you get more amazing things than what you see on the Internet.